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July 22, 2019

China, Laos, Romania - first occurrences of ASF reported (Global Animal Disease Update) (Jul 19, 2019)
 
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First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were reported in China, Laos and Romania in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy detected in Spain

Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy was detected in Spain, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 15 from Dr. Valentín Almansa, Director General, Sanidad de la Produccion Agraria, Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Madrid, Spain.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 10, with one outbreak reported in Galicia. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 68 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included traceability, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 15 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 12, with one outbreak reported in Poltava. 13 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 289 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 17 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 6, 2018, with 22 outbreaks reported in the country. 101 cases were identified in swine, 14 cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 39 swine and 13 wild boars dying, and all remaining being destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Cambodia

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Cambodia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 16 from Phannara Tan, Director General, General Directorate of Animal Health and Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 26 with two outbreaks reported in Kandal. 154 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 233 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Laos

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Laos, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 17 from Dr. Somphanh Chanphengxay, Director General, Department of Livestock and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Vientiane, Laos.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 17 with two outbreaks reported in Savannakhet. 74 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 1,332 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.   First occurrences of African swine fever virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 17 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 7, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Taipei city. Two cases were identified in birds, resulting in 14 becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

7.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China
 
A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 19 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People’s Republic of China.

The outbreak was reported to have started on July 11 in Sichuan province. 21 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 81 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfestation and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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