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Market Reports

July 1, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Vietnam and Romania Global Animal Disease Update (June 28, 2019)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 

First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Vietnam and Romania in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Ukraine, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 26 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 8, 2017, with three outbreaks reported in Khar'Kov, Kherson and Donetsk. 14 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 25 becoming susceptible which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 25 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 28, with two outbreaks reported in Novgorodskaya Oblast and Saratovskaya Oblast. 88 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 220 becoming susceptible, 87 dying and the remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 24 from Dr. Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 2, with two outbreaks reported in Lubelskie and Warminsko-Mazurskie. 13 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 156 becoming susceptible, one dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 26 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 10, 2018, with 23 outbreaks reported in the whole country. 191 cases were identified in swine, nine cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 32 swine and nine wild boars dying, and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

5.       Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Myanmar

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Myanmar, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 24 from Dr. Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 15, with one outbreak reported in Sagaing. Seven fatal cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 115 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was contact with infected animals at grazing or watering.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within and outside the containment and protection zones. No treatment was given to affected animals.

6.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 24 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
 
The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 23 with one outbreak reported in Qinghai. 32 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 32 becoming susceptible, 17 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.
 
Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 
7.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Nepal
  
Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Nepal, the OIE reports.
 
The information was received by the OIE on June 26 from Dr. Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Nepal.
 
The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 21, with two outbreaks reported in Bagmati. 1,754 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 4,642 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.
 
Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals. 
 
8.       First occurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Kazakhstan
 
A first occurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Kazakhstan, the OIE reports.
 
The information was received by the OIE on June 25 from Dr. Tursyn Kabduldanov, Deputy Chairman, Committee for Veterinary Control and Supervision, Ministry of Agriculture, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan.
  
The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 10, with one outbreak reported in Karagandinskaya. One case was identified in birds, resulting in 260 becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.
  
Control measures included movement control inside the country, quarantine, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
  
9.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Vietnam
 
A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.
 
The information was received by the OIE on June 25 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.
 
The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 1 with four outbreaks reported in Vung Tau and Lam Dong. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 266 swine became susceptible which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.
 
Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 
10.     Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei
 
Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.
 
The information was received by the OIE on June 25 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.
 
The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Changhua county. 1,070 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 29,030 becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.
 
Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection/disinfestation, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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