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June 7, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Vietnam and Romania Global Animal Disease Update (June 7, 2019)
 
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First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Vietnam and Romania in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Ukraine, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 3 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on April 25, with one outbreak reported in Vinnitsa. 11 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 110 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 3 from Dr. Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 2, with one outbreak reported in Podlaskie. 61 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 7,951 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 4 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 6, 2018, with eight outbreaks reported in the whole country. 70 cases were identified in swine, eight cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in six swine and six wild boars dying, and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.       Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Israel

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Israel, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 3 from Dr. Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, Israel.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 3, with one outbreak reported in Hazafon. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 1,300 becoming susceptible, with two being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was airborne spread and vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, quarantine, selective killing and disposal, zoning, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals. Surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and control of vectors are to be applied.

5.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Hong Kong

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Hong Kong, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 5 from Dr. Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer / Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 31, with one outbreak reported in the New Territories. One fatal case was identified in swine, resulting in 4,158 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was legal movement of animals.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, disinfection, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Vietnam

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus (ASF) was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on June 5 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 1, 2019 with 15 outbreaks reported across the country. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 1,036 swine became susceptible which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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