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May 27, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Vietnam in Romania Global Animal Disease Update (May 24, 2019)
 
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First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Vietnam and Romania in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on May 20 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 28, with one outbreak reported in Stavropol'Skiy Kray. Ten cases were identified in birds, resulting in 76 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on May 20 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 4, 2016, with three outbreaks reported in Giurgiu and Ialomita. 18 cases were identified in swine, resulting in eight dying, and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Vietnam

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on May 20 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 13, with one outbreak reported in Hau Giang. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 1,120 birds became susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Vietnam

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on May 20 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 18, with 28 outbreaks reported in the whole country. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 2,102 swine became susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on May 21 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 15, 2018, with two outbreaks reported in Guizhou and Sichuan. 117 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 504 becoming susceptible, 84 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was illegal movement of animals.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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