FBA 14: May / June 2007
Threats to poultry's predominance
by Daphne TAN
CONTRARY to popular perception, it is not avian flu, escalating production costs or trade barriers that that stand to challenge the global predominance of the broiler and egg industry.
One of the most efficient producers of lean meat in the animal production industry, broiler and egg production faces its biggest contender to global animal production dominance in the swine industry.
This, at least according to Steve Leeson, who delivered one of the opening lectures at the 8th Asia-Pacific Poultry Conference in Bangkok on Mar 5. Observing that developments in the swine industry are shadowing closely that in poultry, the poultry nutritionist at Canada's University of Guelph adds that the specialisation and economies of scale that have resulted in cheaper poultry are the very same factors propelling swine production today.
After expanding remarkably over the last 30 years, growth in the broiler and egg industry will slow in the next 10 to 20, predicts Leeson. Consumption is predicted to reach 65 million tonnes in 2015, or an annual production of 80 million tonnes.
To meet these levels, the industry would require some US$35 billion worth of feed. Swine farming would be a key competitor for these inputs, particularly for feed ingredients such as soymeal and fats.
Towards milk entrepreneurship in the Philippines
by Gemma DELMO
MILK has always been emphasised as a nutritional staple in the Philippine diet. But doing business with dairy in the country is in stark contrast to its health significance. Local milk production reached barely 12,870 litres in 2006, or just 1 percent of the Philippines' dairy demand.
The Philippines is highly dependent on milk imports. The bulk of this comes from New Zealand (45 percent), followed by Australia (20 percent), the United States (14 percent) and Thailand (5 percent). Milk has already surpassed wheat as the country's leading agri-produce import, reveals the country's Dairy Confederation, at trade amounting to US$500 million annually.
The confederation believes that the amount spent on imports should have gone to domestic farmers if only potentials to grow the local dairy industry were recognised and growth opportunities in the international market readily identified. Filipinos need not to work abroad if there is a P65 billion-industry (US$1.36 billion) at home waiting to be milked.
To kick-start efforts, it was announced during this year's Dairy Congress and Expo that Holstein and Jersey breeding cows will be imported from the Holstein Association in the United States to give a much needed boost to domestic dairy cow numbers. Filipino dairy farmers will be trained on proper rearing techniques and the latest technology in dairying.
Established in November 1993, the confederation has 13 member associations nationwide and has been the main organiser of the annual Dairy Congress for two years running. Its president Danilo Fausto proudly states that after a successful initial run in Cebu last year, this year's Congress registered an additional 10 to 20 percent increase in visitor turnout and more foreign delegates in attendance. This year's congress was held in Pampanga in central Luzon province.
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