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April 26, 2019

First occurrences of swine viral diseases detected in France and China Global Animal Disease Update (April 26, 2019)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 

First occurrences of swine viral diseases were detected in France and China in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 22 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 28, with one outbreak reported in Stavropol'Skiy Kray. One fatal case was identified in birds, resulting in two others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of Aujeszky's disease virus detected in France

A first occurrence of Aujeszky's disease virus was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 23 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministčre de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on April 19, with two outbreaks reported in Alpes-de-haute-provence and Vaucluse. Five cases were identified in swine, resulting in 807 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was introduction of new live animals and contact with wild species.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and traceability. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

AMERICAS

3.       Reoccurrence of low pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in United States of America

Reoccurrence of low pathogenic avian influenza, serotype H5, was detected in the United States of America, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 24 from Dr. Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office, USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on April 20, with one outbreak reported in California. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 9,476 birds became susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 24 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on April 19, with four outbreaks reported in Hainan. 355 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 517 becoming susceptible, 146 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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