The agribusiness knowledge provider

April 21, 2012


China's corn output to exceed rice as largest grain crop


A Chinese think tank forecasted Wednesday (Apr 18) that China's corn will surpass rice to become the country's largest grain crop in terms of output this year, but analysts still expect a surge of corn imports this year due to rapidly growing domestic demand.
China's grain output, which includes rice, wheat and corn, is likely to grow for the ninth consecutive year in 2012 and exceed 580 million tonnes in 2012, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) said in a report.
Last year, the country's grain output reached 571 million tonnes, figures from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed.
"Considering the continuous price rise of grain, along with the government's increasing support and subsidies for farmers, we believe there is a possibility of a ninth consecutive year of grain output growth," Zhu Gang, a researcher with the rural development institute of CASS, said at the release of the report Wednesday.
"The growth in China's corn output is mainly due to the increasing cultivation area," Zhang Zhixian, a researcher at, a Zhengzhou-based grain portal, said Wednesday.
"Many farmers in Heilongjiang Province who used to grow soy have turned to growing corn, because of its high returns and government policy support," he said.
Zhu said corn prices would remain high this year due to surging demand for it for livestock feed and producing ethanol.
"The growth of grain output will ensure the country's food safety and relieve inflationary pressure," Ma Wenfeng, a senior analyst at Beijing Orient Agribusiness Consultant, said yesterday.
However, industry experts said imports of grain, especially corn, would continue to grow
even though a harvest is expected soon.

"The growth in grain output still can't keep up with the rapidly growing domestic demand, so China will continue to face a tight grain supply and increase in imports," Guo Wei, a researcher with the Research Office of the State Council, said Wednesday.

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