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World

April 8, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and Cambodia Global Animal Disease Update (April 5, 2019)

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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Romania and Cambodia in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 3 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 20, 2018, with three outbreaks reported in Ialomita and Calarasi. 22 cases were identified in swine, two cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in two wild boars dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

AMERICAS

2.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza detected in Mexico

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza, serotype H7N3, was detected in Mexico, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 1 from MVZ Joaquín Braulio Delgadillo Álvarez, Director General de Salud Animal, Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria (SENASICA) Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación, Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación, México, Mexico.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on March 10, with one outbreak reported in Acolman. 150 fatal cases were identified in birds. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Cambodia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Cambodia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 3 from Dr. Sen Sovann, Director General, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP), Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on April 2, with one outbreak reported in Rattanakiri. 400 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 100 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex infection detected in Israel

Reoccurrence of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex infection was detected in Israel, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on April 3 from Dr. Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, Israel.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on April 1, with one outbreak reported in Hazafon. 48 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 564 becoming susceptible, 46 being killed and disposed of, and two being slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, selective killing and disposal, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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