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April 1, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and Vietnam Global Animal Disease Update (March 29, 2019)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 
 
First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Romania and Vietnam in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 25 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 20, 2018, with two outbreaks reported in Bacau and Olt. 19 cases were identified in swine, resulting in eight swine dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2        Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Belgium

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Belgium, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 28 from Dr. Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 19, with four outbreaks reported in Luxembourg. Eight cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 785 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.       Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in China

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 27 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 22, 2018, with one outbreak reported in Xinjiang. Seven cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 31 becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Vietnam

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 28 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 1, with two outbreaks reported in Quang Tri and Vinh Phuc. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 44 swine became susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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