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March 25, 2019

First occurrence of ASF detected in Vietnam (Global Animal Disease Update) (Mar 22, 2019)
 

A first occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) was detected in Vietnam in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 18 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on March 17, with one outbreak reported in Udmurtskaya Respublika. Five cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 5,831 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Moldova

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Moldova, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 18 from Dr. Vitalie Caraus, Head of Animal Health and Welfare Department, Animal Health and Welfare Department, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on March 14, with one outbreak reported in U.T.A. Gagauzia. Two fatal cases were identified in swine. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Germany

Reoccurrence of bluetongue, serotype 16, was detected in Germany, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 19 from Dr. Dietrich Rassow, Director for Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Berlin, Germany.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 12, 2018, with five outbreaks reported in Baden-Wurttemberg and Saarland. Five cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 649 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Iran

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Iran, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 18 from Dr. Alireza Rafiepoor, Head of Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran, Iran.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 18, 2018, with one outbreak reported in East Azarbayejan. 31 cases were identified in birds, resulting in ten dying and all remaining being destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Vietnam

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 19 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 1, with one outbreak reported in Thua Thien - Hue. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. Five swine became susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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