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March 18, 2017
 
Outbreaks of bird flu reported across Africa, Asia and Europe (Global Animal Disease Update) (Mar 17, 2017)
 
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Outbreaks of bird flu were reported across Africa, Asia and Europe this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  First occurrence of low pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in France

First occurrence of low pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in France, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 13 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 4, 2015, with three cases found in Pyrenees-Atlantiques and Landes. The number of cases identified is not calculated because of missing information. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included screening, disinfection and traceability. Vaccination is prohibited but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 
2.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in France
 
Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus was detected in France, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 13 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 11, 2015, with 47 cases found in Loire, Puy-de-dome, Ain, Haute-Loire, Cantal, Saone-et-Loire, Rhone and Correze. 61 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 6,256 cattle becoming susceptible.  The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zone, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 14 from Dr. Olga Shevchenko, Head of Directorate for International Cooperation, Directorate for International Cooperation, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 21, with one case found in Kherson. Five fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 12 becoming susceptible which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  New strain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

New strain of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in France, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 14 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 1, 2016, with one case was found in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in 11 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 
5.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Romania

New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 16 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 24, 2016, with six cases found in Constanta and Neamt. 39 fatal cases were identified in birds. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and wastes, surveillance within containment and protection zone, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in France, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 16 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 11, 2015, with 34 cases were found in Correze, Saone-et-loire, Haute-loire, Loire, Isere, Jura, Haute-saone, Aveyron, Puy-de-dome and Cher. 36 cases identified in cattle, resulting in 3,819 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zone, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

7.  eoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in Jordan

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in Jordan, the OIE reports.
The information was received by the OIE on March 13 from Dr. Monther Al-Rifaï, Assistant for secretary General for livestock, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Amman, Jordan.

The outbreak was reported to have started on March 9, with three outbreaks found in Amman, Al Balqa and Irbid. 150 cases were identified in sheep, 13 cases were identified in goats, and three cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 1,900 sheep, 150 goats and 35 cattle becoming susceptible, 150 sheep and three goats dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zone, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and treatment of affected animals with antibiotics.

8.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in People's Republic of China

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N6, was detected in People's Republic of China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 15 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak was reported to have started on September 1, 2014, with one outbreak found in Hubei. 134 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 767 birds becoming susceptible, 86 birds dying and all remaining birds were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

AFRICA

9.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Nigeria

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Nigeria, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 13 from Dr. Gideon Mbursa Mshelbwala, Director, Veterinary Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 8, 2015, with three outbreaks occurring in Plateau, Katsina and Bauchi. 5,182 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 13,322 birds becoming susceptible which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was poor farm biosecurity.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

10.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Egypt

New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Egypt, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 14 from Dr. Ibrahim Mahrous Saleh Mohamed, Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 26, 2016, with three outbreaks occurring in As Suways, Dumyat and Al Minya. 14 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 75 birds becoming susceptible which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included disinfection, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zone. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

11.  Reoccurrence of low pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in South Africa

Reoccurrence of low pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in South Africa, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 14 from Dr. Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, Pretoria, South Africa.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 10, 2014, with two outbreaks occurring in Western Cape Province. 79 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 906 birds becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and quarantine. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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