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March 11, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Europe and Asia Global Animal Disease Update (March 8, 2019)

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First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Europe and Asia in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 6 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 10, 2018, with 27 outbreaks reported in the country. 107 cases were identified in swine, 51 cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 42 swine and 22 wild boars dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Vietnam

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 4 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak was reported to have started on February 18, with one outbreak reported in Hai Duong. 50 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 57 others becoming susceptible, 10 dying and 97 being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 6 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 11, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Pintung county. 466 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 31,424 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zone, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

AFRICA

4.       New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Egypt

A new strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Egypt, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 6 from Dr. Mahmoud Mohamed Ali Abdelhakim, Chief Researcher, CVO and Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Giza, Egypt.

The outbreak was reported to have started on February 28, with one outbreak reported in Ad Daqahliyah. Ten cases were identified in birds, resulting in 990 others becoming susceptible, 10 being killed and disposed of, and all remaining were slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. No treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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