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February 25, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and China (Global Animal Disease Update) (Feb 11-22, 2019)

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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Romania and China in the past fortnight. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Bulgaria

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Bulgaria, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 18 from Dr. Damyan Iliev, Chief Veterinary Officer & Deputy Executive Director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 23, with one outbreak reported in Kardzali. 91 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 110 others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 19 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 6, 2018, with 16 outbreaks reported in the country. 51 cases were identified in swine, 35 cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 11 swine and 25 wild boars dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Germany

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Germany, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 19 from Dr. Dietrich Rassow, Director for Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Berlin, Germany.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 12, 2018, with two outbreaks reported in Baden-Wurttemberg. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 140 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 22 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak was reported to have started on February 18 in Shandong province. 17 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 3 fatalities and 4,501 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfestation and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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