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Animal Health

February 11, 2019

ASF reported across Eastern Europe Global Animal Disease Update (February 8, 2019)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 

African swine fever (ASF) was reported across Eastern Europe in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever was detected in Ukraine, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 4 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 4, 2016, with two outbreaks reported in Khar'Kov and Kiev. Eight fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in five others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, traceability, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 4 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 3, 2018, with 10 outbreaks reported in Covasna, Braila, Teleorman and Buzau. 16 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 11 dying and one being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy detected in Poland

Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 4 from Dr. Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 31, with one outbreak reported in Dolnoslaskie. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in 50 becoming susceptible and one dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, traceability, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland

Reoccurrence of African swine fever was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 4 from Dr. Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 2, with one outbreak reported in Warminsko-Mazurskie. Eight cases were identified in swine, resulting in 67 becoming susceptible, five dying and all remaining were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 5 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 10, with three outbreaks reported in Primorskiy Kray. 26 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 87 swine becoming susceptible, and 25 swine were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in respondence to the outbreak, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.

AMERICAS

6.       Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in United States of America

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in the United States of America, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 5 from Dr. Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Officer, USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, 2018, with four outbreaks reported in California. The number of cases identified is not calculated because of missing information. 637,217 birds became susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

7.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Iran

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Iran, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 5 from Dr. Alireza Rafiepoor, Head of Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran, Iran.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 24, 2018, with two outbreaks reported in Gilan and West Azarbayejan. 505 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 31 dying and all remaining were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

8.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Kuwait

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Kuwait, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 6 from Dr. Ali Al-Qattan, Deputy of Director General of Animal Wealth, Animal Wealth, Public Authority of Agriculture Affairs and Fish Resources, Safat, Kuwait.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on Jaunary 31, with one outbreak reported in Al Farwaniyah. Three fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 1,997 others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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