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January 27, 2017
 
New strains of bird flu detected in Germany and Israel (Global Animal Disease Update) (Jan 27, 2017)
 
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New strains of bird flu were detected in Germany and Israel this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Italy, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 23 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 21, with one outbreak reported in Veneto. 6,000 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 20,500 birds becoming susceptible, and 600 birds dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, traceability, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy detected in Ireland

Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy was detected in Ireland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 24 from Dr. Martin Blake, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Agriculture House, Dublin, Ireland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 14, with one outbreak reported in Galway. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in three became susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 24 from Dr. Olga Shevchenko, Head of Directorate for International Cooperation, Directorate for International Cooperation, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 21, with three outbreaks reported in Kherson, Donetsk and Lugansk. 22 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 79 swine becoming susceptible, and all remaining swine were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, traceability, dipping/spraying, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Germany

A new strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N5, was detected in Germany, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 27 from Dr. Karin Schwabenbauer, Ministerial Dirigentin and Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (BMEL), Bonn, Germany.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 25 in Grevenkop, Steinburg, Schleswig-holstein in northern Germany. 100 fatalities were reported in turkey, resulting in 14,590 birds becoming susceptible which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

5.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Israel

A new strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Israel, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 23 from Dr. Nadav Galon, Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bet Dagan, Israel.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 13, 2016, with three outbreaks reported in Hazafon, Hamerkaz and Haifa. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 96,000 birds became susceptible, 1,400 died and all remaining birds were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, dipping, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Japan

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N6, was detected in Japan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 25 from Dr. Kazuo Ito, Director, International Animal Health Affairs Office, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 24 in Kijo-cho, Miyazaki in southern Japan. 150 fatalities were reported, resulting in 168,400 birds becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection and quarantine. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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