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January 22, 2019

First occurrences of ASF detected in China and Mongolia (Global Animal Disease Update) (Jan 18, 2019)

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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in China and Mongolia in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 15 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 12, with one outbreak reported in Dnepropetrovsk. Seven fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 12 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Germany

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Germany, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 15 from Dr. Dietrich Rassow, Director for Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Chief Veterinary Officer, Directorate of Animal Health and Animal Welfare, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Berlin, Germany.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 12, 2018, with two outbreaks reported in Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland. Three cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 539 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 15 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People’s Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 12, with two outbreaks reported in Gansu and Jiangsu. 2,496 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 1,378 dying and 39,784 being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was swill feeding.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Mongolia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Mongolia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 15 from Dr. Tumendemberel Dorjnyam, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, General Authority for Veterinary Services, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 10, with one outbreak reported in Bulgan. 85 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting 214 swine being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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