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January 7, 2019
 
First occurrence of ASF detected in China (Global Animal Disease Update) (Dec 24, 2018 - Jan 4, 2019)

An eFeedLink Exclusive

 
A first occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) was detected in China in the past fortnight. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.

EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 28, 2018 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 23, 2018, with nine outbreaks reported in Jura. Ten cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 718 cattle becoming susceptible, resulting in 10 cattle being slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 28, 2018 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscou, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 11, 2018, with one outbreak reported in Samarskaya Oblast. Six fatal cases were identified in cattle, resulting in eight cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, selective killing and disposal, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. No treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue detected in Greece

Reoccurrence of bluetongue, serotype 16, was detected in Greece, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 3 from Chrysoula Dile, Head, Animal Health Directorate, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Athens, Greece.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, 2017, with one outbreak reported in Notio Aigaio. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in 30 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, control of vectors and vector surveillance. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 17, 2018 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 31, with four outbreaks reported in Shanxi, Guangdong and Fujian. 100 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 19,909 becoming susceptible, 40 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 25, 2018 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, 2015, with two outbreaks reported in Taoyuan city and Chiayi county. 49 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 1,218 birds becoming susceptible and were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Vietnam

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 27, 2018 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 21, 2018, with one outbreak reported in Dak Lak. 100 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 215 birds becoming susceptible, 50 dying and all remaining being slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, and surveillance outside containment and protection zones. No treatment was given to affected animals.

7.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in India

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in India, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 28, 2018 from Tarun Shridhar, Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, New Delhi, India.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 12, 2018, with six outbreaks reported in Bihar and Orissa. 157 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 12,178 others birds becoming susceptible which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

8.  Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in Israel

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in Israel, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 2 from Dr. Shlomo Garazi, Chief Officer for Import and Export of the Veterinary Services, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bet Dagan, Israel.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 9, 2018, with four outbreaks reported in Hazafon. 244 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 1,090 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, and zoning. No treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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