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December 23, 2019 - January 3, 2020
 
OIE reports various viral diseases of different species in Asia and Europe Global Animal Disease Update (December 23, 2019 - January 3, 2020)
 
 
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The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reported various viral diseases of different species in Asia and Europe in the past fortnight. The following report provides an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 23 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 12, with one outbreak reported in Primorskiy Kray. 50 fatal cases were identified in birds. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Greece

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 16, was detected in Greece, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 23 from Chrysoula Dile, Head, Animal Health Directorate, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Athens, Greece.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, 2017, with 11 outbreaks reported in Voreio Aigaio. 14 cases were identified in cattle, one case was identified in sheep/goats and 18 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 264 cattle, 594 sheep/goats and 1,741 sheep becoming susceptible, and seven sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       First occurrence of African swine fever detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 23 from Dr. Robert Viorel Chioveanu, President, Secretary of State, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 10, 2018, with five outbreaks reported in Buzau, Dimbovita and Calarasi. 25 cases were identified in swine, four cases were identified in wild boar, resulting two swine and one wild boar dying, and 23 swine and three wild boars were killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 27 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 16, with one outbreak reported in Luzern. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in 24 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Belgium

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Belgium, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 26 from Dr. Herman Claeys, Chef du Service Politique sanitaire: Animaux et Végétaux, Direction Générale Politique de Contrôle, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 19, with two outbreaks reported in Liege and Luxembourg. Five cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 627 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

6.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 26 from Dr. Huang Baoxu, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group, Animal Health and Epidemiology Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Qingdao, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak was reported to have started on November 15, 2018, with one outbreak reported in Sichuan. 15 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 420 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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